MIGNEX Case Study Briefs

Migration and development dynamics in Baidoa, Somalia

Cover image: Migration and development dynamics in Baidoa, Somalia

Out-migration is decreasing in Baidoa, a fast-growing city host to many internally displaced people. Amid better security, livelihood expansion and humanitarian assistance, many feel hope for the future.

As of November 2022, Somali authorities are working to avert famine from a record drought that has affected nearly eight million Somalis, or half the population. Thousands of families are arriving in Baidoa, fleeing starvation in the countryside to displaced camps in the city. Aid groups and authorities are pleading for international help to prevent further loss of life.

By Camille Kasavan, Fatuma Ahmed, Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Hannah Murray – Published on 30 September 2022
Key takeaways
Few surveyed young adults (11%) have seriously considered migrating internationally in the past year.
In-migration from surrounding rural areas – largely due to conflict or drought – is now a defining feature of the area.
Humanitarian assistance has been a key source of support: 74% of young adults know of interventions, and most think these make a big (37%) or bit (61%) of a difference to Baidoa.

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Kasavan, C. Ahmed, F. Hagen-Zanker, J. Murray, H. Migration and development dynamics in Baidoa, Somalia. MIGNEX Case Study Brief. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo.